Pavement is a floor or covering of solid material, laid so as to make a hard and convenient surface for travel. There are typically three general categories: flexible, rigid and unpaved. It is built to provide a smooth riding surface and adequate surface friction, protect the subgrade and act as a waterproofing surface.
The concrete used for pavements can be modified and changed in various ways as per the requirement. Concrete pavements should be strong, durable, and cost-effective.
There are different kinds of concrete pavements such as jointed unreinforced concrete pavement, jointed reinforced concrete pavement, continuously reinforced concrete pavement.
Pavement deterioration is the process by which distress develops in the pavement under the combined effects of traffic loading and environmental conditions. Construction quality can greatly affect the performance of the pavement.
There are different types of pavement deterioration. The most common is cracking which is classified into various cracks such as fatigue, longitudinal, transverse, block, slippage, reflective and edge cracking. Surface deformation, disintegration and surface defects are also types of pavement deterioration.