Cold Planing (CP) is the controlled removal of the surface of the existing pavement to the desired depth, with specially designed milling equipment to restore the pavement surface to the specified grade and cross-slope. CP can be used to remove part or all of the existing pavement layers. The amount of material removed can also be varied in order to meet project specific requirements. The resulting textured pavement can be used immediately as a driving surface. CP is more commonly used as a surface preparation for one of the other rehabilitation techniques such as Hot In-Place Recycling (HIR), Cold In-Place Recycling (CIR), Full Depth Reclamation (FDR) or Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) overlays.